Augustine: political and social philosophy st augustine (354-430 ce), originally named aurelius augustinus, was the catholic bishop of hippo in northern africa he was a skilled roman-trained rhetorician, a prolific writer (who produced more than 110 works over a 30-year period), and by wide acclamation, the first christian philosopher. But later, st augustine in response to armed aggression against the innocent set the catholic church on the road to the just war theory -- quite likely borrowed from the ancient roman. The just-war theory, originated by st augustine, has developed throughout the ages in order to justify christian war, in the defence of peace and charity the basis of the just-war theory lies in the principle of double effect, which allows an evil attendant to occur, as it is inseparable from the good, which is intended.
More specifically, crusading was represented as just warfare, according to the idea of just war established by st augustine of hippo augustine wrote that warfare was sometimes a necessary and lesser evil in certain conditions. This is a concept much more flexible compared to just war theory, which he accuses of being exactly that, and far from being able to mobilise nations to stand up against the unjust. The just war theory the just war theory is and interesting one simply because the phrase just war is an oxymoron war is defined by the merriam-webster dictionary as a state of usually open and declared armed hostile conflict between states or nations.
The just war theory specifies conditions for judging if it is just to go to war, and conditions for how the war should be fought although it was extensively developed by christian theologians, it. According to ian brownlie, the just war concept is elaborated and given authority in the christian world by st augustine (ad 354-430), at a time when christianity was linked with the secular power of the empire. Just war can be traced back to the pagan teachings, which was later refined by christian leaders to justify their followers into going to war (cahill, 2005) st augustine was identified as the first to offer his view on war and justice, viewing war as a necessary evil if peace and justice were to come and labeling it as something practical. Weigel notes that since st augustine of hippo — who in the fourth and fifth centuries was the originator of the just-war theory in its classic form 4 — just-war thinking has been based on the. Augustine is noted in history as the founder of just war theory in the western tradition (the islamic world has it's own tradition of just war theory based on the koran) this is a body of thought that seeks to provide guidelines for when it is justified for one nation to wage war on another.
St augustine of hippo (354-430), in his work city of god, consolidated jewish and greco-roman traditions into a christian understanding of legitimate warfare, or just-war doctrine augustine taught that violence could be undertaken for legitimate reasons, including past or present aggression, proclamation by a legitimate authority, and. The concept of just war, whereby limited uses of war were considered acceptable originated with non-christian roman and greek thinkers such as cicero and plato though this theory was adapted later by christian thinkers such as st augustine , the perspective was not based on the new testament [3. The just war tradition traces its inception from st augustine's great city of god augustine argued that the vocation of the statesman may well require the use of force force is a feature of a.
Christian theory of the just war begins with augustine of hippo and thomas aquinas saint summarized in the words the end justifies the means, which tends to support the just war theory (unless the just war causes less beneficial means to become necessary, st augustine of hippo (354–430) gratian (christian) (12th century. The just war theory forum is connected to interquest: introducing philosophy, a fully web-based course from oregon state university j ust war theory is the basis on which nations seek to legally and morally justify going to war. Called the just war doctrine, it was first enunciated by st augustine of hippo (354-430 ad) over the centuries it was taught by doctors of the church, such as st thomas aquinas, and formally embraced by the magisterium, which has also adapted it to the situation of modern warfare. Christian theologians st augustine of hippo (354 - 430) and st thomas aquinas (1225-1274) are primarily responsible for formulating the theory of the just war which has remained the majority christian approach to war to this day there are many variations on the just war theory, but these are the basics.
Just war theory is based on this classical view and from it the central concepts derive: that of the prior guilt of the offending party and of just war as a means of vindicating violated rights or a violated order of justice, or as the means of restoring justice. When st augustine developed the christian just war theory in the early 5th century, he was clear that the government’s right to go to war was ultimately rooted in its duty to promote peace. Social & political philosophy the ethics of war and peace—1 i will provide here a couple of summaries of just war theory the first is from an encyclopedia of war and ethics and the second is an online source from the stanford encyclopedia of philosophyafterwards.