Mandatory hiv testing is wrong essay there are different kinds of hiv testing: voluntary testing, where the person tested makes the decision mandatory testing, where you are tested whether or not you want to be tested and routine testing, where, if you got some blood drawn for some other reason, an extra tube of blood would be drawn and sent off for an hiv test. Mandatory hiv testing during pregnancy: a review of its considerations, ethics & precedents project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the renée crown university. Braunlin said she is particularly concerned that mandatory testing could have criminal consequences, without an immunity provision, and this potential could drive women away from prenatal care. Updated february 2013 required and prenatal screening all pregnant women should receive the following tests at the first prenatal visit with each pregnancy: syphilis: rapid plasma reagin (rpr) is required by sc law (44-29-120) hiv: unless the woman is known to be positive, hiv screening should be offered as an opt-out test and as part of the general patient consent statement. Under its recommendations, women would be informed that an hiv test would be conducted, along with other prenatal blood tests, but would not be required to consent specifically to the hiv test the american college of obstetrics and gynecology and the american academy of pediatrics have supported routine universal prenatal hiv testing.
Rethinking mandatory hiv testing during pregnancy in areas with high hiv prevalence rates: ethical and policy issues udo schuklenk , phd and anita kleinsmidt , llb, llm at the time of writing, udo schuklenk was with the centre for ethics in public policy and corporate governance, glasgow caledonian university, glasgow, scotland. The use of mandatory screening may affect the women who initially test negative for hiv in pregnancy and continue to engage in high risk behaviours (see list) should be offered repeat testing in each trimester4,17 it has hiv screening in pregnancy. After nearly three decades of fighting hiv/aids, more than a 140 people in the us are still being infected with the virus every day monica sweeney of new york city's department of health says. This approach to hiv testing—based on assessment of an individual's risk—began to shift, however, after it was discovered in 1994 that administering treatment to hiv-positive women during pregnancy greatly reduces the likelihood of perinatal transmission.
Essay on hiv/aids: signs, symptoms and prevention human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (hiv/aids) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) during the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of. Human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) testing is essential for improving the health of people living with hiv and reducing new hiv infections: once diagnosed, persons with hiv can be linked to care and learn how to prevent transmission to others. Mandatory testing is also usually paired with mandatory reporting, in which the results of the test must be disclosed to certain individuals or organizations by law ad one of the classic circumstances in which mandatory hiv testing is used is in prisons. Connor et al (2004) ascertains that the proposals that seek to make hiv testing mandatory for pregnant mothers are compounded by different complexities to begin with, the provision does not ascertain whether it would be accepted by all the mothers or not. In this study, the authors evaluated the effect of mandatory reporting of hiv infection and routine screening for prenatal hiv infection on requests for hiv testing in alberta the authors obtained data from the provincial laboratory for public health on the number of males and females in alberta who were tested for hiv infection between jan 1.
Mandatory prenatal hiv testing essay - mandatory prenatal hiv testing this particular journal researches prenatal hiv testing as it relates to vertical transmission randomized controlled studies involving hiv- positive pregnant women at various stages of pregnancy were monitored and evaluated in an effort to find conclusive reasoning for. Countries, mandatory hiv testing during the prenatal period can be considered to tackle the growing epidemic arguments that support voice for mandatory testing. This paper presents an ethical evaluation of this mandatory newborn hiv testing law enacted in new york state the law was passed as an effort to reduce maternal transmission of hiv, by treating infants born to hiv positive mothers immediately after birth with azt. Key facts hiv testing is integral to hiv prevention, treatment, and care knowledge of one’s hiv status is important for preventing the spread of disease.
According to peters v(missed opportunities for prenatal hiv prevention among hiv exposed infants born 1996-2000, pediatric spectrum of hiv disease cohort, pediatrics, 2003) pregnant women who test, know that they are positive, and take prenatal care, can reduce the transmission to their child. Mandatory prenatal hiv testing - page 2 does anyone know if prenatal hiv testing is legally required on our unit last night, we had a note that stated that if there weren't the two legally mandated hiv tests on pt's prenatals, that we read more may 15, '09. Mandatory hiv testing for pregnant women description mandatory hiv testing for pregnant women will be the topic i chose in my opinion, one of the strongest grounds is that mandatory hiv testing infringes upon the human rights of people living with hiv and threatens the three key.
A mandatory approach to testing and treatment has the potential to significantly reduce perinatal transmission of hiv and defend the view that mandatory testing is morally required if a number of conditions like prevalence rate, high mortality rate etc can be met. Mandatory prenatal hiv testing this particular journal researches prenatal hiv testing as it relates to vertical transmission randomized controlled studies involving hiv- positive pregnant women at various stages of pregnancy were monitored and evaluated in an effort to find conclusive reasoning for prenatal testing. According to the march of dimes, there are an estimated 120,000 to 160,000 women in the united states who have been infected with hiv about 6,000 to 7,000 of women infected with hiv give birth annually since the beginning of the hiv/aids epidemic, approximately 15,000 children in the united states.